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Punta Hermengo Municipal Museum.  


The museum is situated in the Vivero Dunícola "Florentino Ameghino", since 1977. The name "Punta Hermengo" is named after a geographic feature on the coast, a few meters from the entrance of the nursery, known since the XVIII Century. The museum is surrounded by a 5 hectare park, with beautiful acacias, cypresses and oaks. The museum is composed of two areas, a historical-traditional area, and a natural science area. In the first area there is a photographic exhibition, a carriages exhibition and objects of the first habitants of the zone.

The natural science exhibit contains paleontological, geological and zoological collections consisting of locally found objects. The museum also has an important regional heritage listing that continues growing with successive explorations, museum interchange and donations. The museum is in charge of controlling local fossil and archeological localities, protected by a Municipal Order since 1988.
The Museum’s activities are orientated towards education, environment conservation and scientific investigation. The museum’s function is to safeguard the patrimonial history and nature of the region. On the 4th of November 1999, the Honorable House of Representatives of the provincia de Buenos Aires declared the museum’s collections as Legislative Interest. This Museum relates the history of Punta Hermengo through photographs, carriages, objects that belonged to the founders and their neighbors, etc. It also has a Natural Sciences section, with exhibits on Regional Paleontology (large fossils, Zoology, Geology and Archaeology.
A huge burrow made by giant mammals for more than half a million years, was presented publicly by members of the Association of Friends of the Municipal Museum of Punta Hermengo the spa town of the province of Buenos Aires. Miramar, like other cities of Buenos Aires coastline, is one of the few places in the world where you can find evidence of ancient caves made by giant sloths, makes them more half a million years, according to the bulletin paleontological "Paleo" which was published the news .

This enormous burrow or shelter, paleontology is known as "paleocueva.". It is generally provided researchers found small structures filled with sediment attributed to prehistoric rodent or armadillo. On this occasion, the big surprise was the same as discovery. We found a structure that was not cover biogenetics completely by sediment, and that did not suffer major changes in the course of hundreds of millennia. Mariano Magnussen Saffer, a member of the Association of Friends of the
museum Native from Miramar, who was noted the existence and origin of this huge den that housed animals weighing more than a ton and a half, three meters long and vegetarian diet."Due to the age of the strata of the area that are north of Miramar, the cave belongs to the Pleistocene, a geologic period that began some two million years ago and ended ten thousand years ago, and infer in this way , Which belong to the cave Scelidotherium therefore marks claws in roofs and walls of the same anatomy and biomechanics reflect their morphological, "said Daniel Boh, director of the municipal museum. The importance of this paleocueva, is that they could access one of the main chambers, whose tunnel has a diameter of 1.90 meters, with sections partially covered with sediment side, with thin layers of solidified mud deposited in successive floods, the over several millennia. Just a few meters, is another gallery who report to the surface, and that was covered by sediment in their income, while preserving the interior in its original form. The researchers were able to walk on foot for this short gallery, partially eroded, which stretches about 10 metres and a diameter of 1.7 meters.

What was surprising observation marks claws on the sides and roofs of the two forks of which were recovered several molds. Scientists assume that, by measures which owns the cave and characteristics marks excavation, the burrow was conducted by a Milodontino, possibly of the genus Scelidotherium sp, a lazy late prehistoric large and common registration fosilífero in the region Pampa, with the aim of shelter, care or juvenile maintain control over temperature and humidity of their bodies.
But it also served as a refuge for a carnivore, because there were a small accumulation of bones bitten. The discovery could provide new data on climatic conditions at the time it was built and anatomical data from animals that dug, is another way to learn more about how these animals lived, whose information could not be retrieved from its large bones. A curious and somewhat related, was the discovery of another paleocueva in 2004 (but without internal structure), whose roof had collapsed. From inside the museum's Native from Miramar personnel recovered a skeleton of 3 meters during Scelidotherium leptocephalum, probably a female adult, embracing her small farming. Part of this material is on display.

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